Illegal waste dumping - an environmental crime?
Environmental crime often involves trade across borders
Industrial waste
Toxic Chemicals
A water pollution crime?
Illegal Logging

Advisory Board

EFFACE has a Science and Policy Adivsory Board of academic experts and practitioners.

Carolyn Abbot (LLB, PhD), UK

Carolyn Abbot is a Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Law at the University of Manchester. Carolyn does research into the role that regulatory surrogates (including consumers, NGOs, financial institutions and the regulatory community) play in the development and enforcement of regulatory norms, specifically environmental regulation. Among her general research interests are environmental regulation and regulatory enforcement tools and practices, topics on which she has widely published.

Before coming to Manchester, Carolyn was a lecturer at the Lancashire Law School, University of Central Lancashire in Preston. She is a member of the Society of Legal Scholars and sits on the editorial board of the Journal of Environmental Law.


Enrique Bacigalupo, Spain

Enrique Bacigalupo was a magistrate of Criminal Court No. Two of the High Court from 1987 to 2011. During this time, he was a member of a number of tribunals dealing with most relevant criminal cases in Spain.

Enrique Bacigalupo is also a Professor of Criminal Law, Iuris Scientae and Social Sciences Doctor from the Universidad de Buenos Aires, and Iuris Scientae Doctor from the Universidad Complutense in Madrid. He has also been a Criminal Law lecturer at the Universidad Complutense in Madrid, at the Universidad San Pablo CEU, and prior to this, a lecturer at the Universität Bonn (Germany), and a visiting lecturer at the Freie Universität Berlin. Currently, he is a lecturer to the Program of Criminal Corporate and Business Law Magister at the Universidad de Chile, and leads the Criminal Law and Criminal Compared Law Investigation Seminar at the Instituto Universitario de Investigación Ortega y Gasset.

He has also been a member of the drafting committees for the first unifying project of the EU Criminal and Criminal Procedural Law (Corpus Iuris for the protection of financial interests in the EU). He also is a partner of the law firm DLA Piper.


Gorazd Meško (PhD), Slovenia

Professor Gorazd Meško is Dean of the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security at the University of Maribor, Slovenia. His teaching and research interests include criminology, theory of social control, victimology, crime prevention and penology. He has written extensively on criminal career, fear of crime, crime prevention, violence and contemporary criminological thought. His current research interests include situational action theory, youth related work in Slovenia, and the legitimacy of policing and criminal justice in new democracies. In 1995 and 2001 he was a visiting scholar at the Institute of Criminology in Cambridge completing post-doc research on crime prevention in Western societies.


Antonio Vercher Noguera, Spain

Antonio Vercher Noguera has been a member of the Spanish Public Prosecution system since 1980. He worked as a Prosecutor in Bilbao and in Valencia. In 1994 he joined the Attorney General’s Cabinet in Madrid and in 1997 was promoted to the Supreme Court. At present he is the Chief Public Prosecutor of the Spanish Public Prosecutor’s Office on Environment and Land Planning. The Office is aimed at assuring the proper implementation of environmental and land planning legislation from both the penal and administrative perspective.

He has written six books and more than eighty articles, published in Spain, United States, England, Belgium, México and Brazil.


Antonio Pergolizzi, Italy

Antonio Pergolizzi is coordinator of the Environment and Legality Observatory of Legambiente NGO, for which since 2006 he has been writing the “Ecomafia Report”, as well as several publications and research projects. He is expert consultant on environmental issues for public and private institutions, such as the CNEL (Consiglio Nazionale Economia e Lavoro), the European Parliament, the Italian Minister of Economic Development and many Universities. Consultant at UNICRI (United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute), junior researcher at Camerino University (Phd attendant) and consultant at UNODC on the matter of illegal waste trafficking, he is also member of the Advisory Board in a research project on "The economic damage of organized crimes" settled by Libera (the most important Italian antimafia NGO) and Unioncamere.

Antonio  has worked as author and consultant for video-documentaries and books on ecomafia and environmental issues. He is also a Professor and has taught at the Advanced Training Program on "Environmental Management and Sustainable Development", organized by The Italian Ministry for the Environment Land and Sea, in cooperation with Venice International University, Turin Agroinnova-University and the Ministry of Environmental Protection of China. He is also a journalist and his name appears among the authors of the "Dizionario enciclopedico sulle mafie". His first monograph, “ToxicItaly”, was edited in 2012 by Castelvecchi and won the AquiAmbiente Prize for the best environmental essay of the year.


Sandra Rousseau (PhD), Belgium

Sandra Rousseau is assistant professor at the Research Center for Economics and Corporate Sustainability (CEDON) of the HUBrussel since September 2008 and associated faculty at the Center of Economic Studies (CES - working group ‘Energy, Transport and Environment’) of the KU Leuven. Sandra has been part of several law & economics research projects dealing with monitoring and enforcement of environmental regulation. Within her research, she mainly focuses on the use and impact of environmental policy instruments. She has published extensively on subjects related to environmental crime such as abatement costs for water pollution by textile firms, afforestation policy and the analysis of environmental inspections and criminal fines in Flanders. Currently, she is also interested in the economic valuation of environmental quality.


Rob de Rijck, The Netherlands

Rob de Rijck is a public prosecutor working with the so-called Functional Prosecution Service in the Netherlands. This branch of the National Prosecution Service is responsible for investigation and prosecution in the areas of environmental criminality and serious fraud.

Rob de Rijck has over 25 years of experience in the field of criminal law, both in general criminal law and in environmental criminal law. His special interests are in international waste transports, in transports of hazardous substances and in industrial incidents.

He is currently the national coordinating prosecutor in environmental criminal law. He is also involved in the development of a European network of prosecutors who deal with cases of transfrontier waste shipments. Rob de Rijck works from Rotterdam, Europe’s largest seaport.


Rob White (PhD), Australia

Rob White is Professor of Criminology in the School of Sociology and Social Work, University of Tasmania, Australia. Rob is also the Director of the UTAS Criminology Research Unit, Director of the Australian Clearinghouse for Youth Studies, and an associate staff member of the UTAS Housing and Community Research Unit (HACRU).

Rob has published extensively in the areas of youth studies, sociology, green criminology and environmental and ecological justice.