In this policy brief, we explore the pros and cons of harmonising criminal sanctions on environmental crime. Although the EFFACE project does not hold a uniform view on the desirability of harmonisation, we nonetheless find it important to take the debate forward.
This brief describes the strengths and weaknesses of the EU's approach in tackling environmental crime identified in a SWOT analysis and provides a baseline from which policy opportunities to improve environmental crime enforcement are developed at EU, Member State and international levels.
The EFFACE project undertook an evaluation of data and information sources for many types of environmental crime to confirm what quantified information on its impacts is available, resulting in often highly dispersed and limited data.
Each of the 12 EFFACE Case Studies are now accompanied by a concise two-page Policy Brief. These Policy Briefs provide the reader with a quick overview of the case study, highlighting the environmental/legislative problems, consequences, policy implications and recommendations for the EU.
EFFACE Policy Brief 2, Organised Environmental Crime: The need for combating environmental crime as a serious and organised category of offense, calls for greater EU priority in combating environmental crime. Such crimes can be difficult to identify in overall crime statistics and in their impacts on victims, but the results of this type of illegal activity have consequences for economies, human health, biodiversity and good governance.
The first EFFACE Policy Brief, Limitations and challenges of the criminal justice system in addressing environmental crime, examines how environmental crime is a growing challenge for the EU and the criminal justice systems of its Member States. Case examples including illegal waste dumping provide a look at how an improved judicial understanding of the impact and severity of environmental crimes across the EU is needed to fight environmental crimes more effectively.
This project has received funding from the European Union's Seventh
Framework Programme for research, technological development and
demonstration under grant agreement no 320276. The contents of this
website are the sole responsibility of EFFACE and can in no way be taken
to reflect the views of the European Union.