Illegal waste dumping - an environmental crime?
Environmental crime often involves trade across borders
Industrial waste
Toxic Chemicals
A water pollution crime?
Illegal Logging

Research on actors, institutions and instruments

A part of EFFACE research was to describe and assess the instruments, actors and institutions involved in the fight against environmental crime. The work produced consisted of a main report and a variety of single studies, focusing on institutions at the national, EU and international level.

The analysis is mainly legal and descriptive in character; however, the various studies also offer some insights on how effectively various institutions and instruments are in combatting envrionmental crime. The individual studies are based on the analysis of legal and policy documents, courts cases and partially interviews. The main report (forthcoming) aggregates the conclusions from the individual studies and draws preliminary conclusions.




General studies

Two reports cover actors and institutions at the EU and international level and their roles in combatting environmental crime more broadly:


National level: Selected EU Member States

At the national level, reports on the following countries were compiled:

These countries were selected based on their being representatives of the different regions of the EU; they also represent different types of legal system (common and civil law systems).


Actors, institutions and instruments at the international level

For the international level, the following reports were compiled:


Actors, institutions and instruments at the EU level

For the EU level, the following reports were compiled: